The National Environment Management Council (NEMC) came into being in 1983 when the Government of Tanzania enacted the National Environment Management Act No. 19 of 1983. NEMC was established with a broad mandate in response to the national need for such an institution to oversee environmental management issues and also implement the resolutions of the Stockholm conference (1972), which called upon all nations to establish and strengthen national environmental Councils to advise governments and the international community on environmental issues. The object and purpose for which NEMC is established is to undertake environmental enforcement, compliance, review and monitor environmental impact statements, research and awareness raising.
Directorates and Units
NEMC is headed by the Director General and it has 5 technical directorates namely:
Tanzania Forest Services Agency (TFS) is a semi-autonomous government Executive Agency. The Agency is mandated to sustainably undertake conservation, development and utilization of national forest and bee resources so that they contribute to the social, economic, ecological and cultural needs of present and future generations. The specific role and responsibilities of TFS are designed towards achieving efficient and effective management of forest and bee resources, promoting the potential for the continuous improvement of the quality and value for money on the delivery of public services.
The Institute of Marine Sciences was established 17th October 1978 with the mandate to conduct research and offer postgraduate and undergraduate training and consultancy services in all aspects of marine sciences. The institution was established as a recommendation of the 1974 International Conference on Marine Resource Development in Eastern Africa. The conference, which was organized by the Department of Zoology and Marine Biology of the University of Dar es Salaam, had a primary objective of assessing the need and potential for marine resources development in Eastern Africa. Today, the vision of IMS is to become a centre of excellence in the advancement of knowledge in marine science.
Hydrological analysis of catchments in S. Tanzania at the First Project Steering Committee meeting for Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the Western Indian Ocean from land-based source and activities (WIOSAP) project in November, 2017
Effluent reduction measures – from WIOLAB to WIOSAP. A presentation during the First Project Steering Committee meeting for Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the Western Indian Ocean from land-based source and activities (WIOSAP) project in November, 2017
Tanzania has a coastline of 800 km stretching from latitude 4o 49’S at the border with Kenya to the border with Mozambique at latitude 10o 28’S. The continental shelf is narrow with the 200km contour depth about 4 km offshore, except at the Zanzibar and Mafia Channels where the shelf extends for up to 80 km. The islands within the continental shelf include Unguja and Mafia, as well as a number of small islets and reefs. Pemba lies beyond the continental shelf and is therefore oceanic.