Mangroves are important ecosystems for communities in coastal Mozambique through the various goods and services they provide including food, fuelwood, coastal protection, and temperature regulation, among others. These important ecosystems are however threatened by anthropogenic activities such as over-harvesting, coastal development and conversion of mangrove areas for urban development.
This report is a culmination of the Integrated Problem Analysis process on priority issues carried out on the Kenyan marine and coastal resources and the identification of underlying causes, within the GEF MSP Sub-Sahara Africa Project on Integrated Problem Analysis. The Kenyan coast runs in a southwesterly direction from the Kenya-Somali border in the north, at 1o 41’S to 4o 40’S at the border with Tanzania.
Monitoring is the repeated observation of a system in order to detect signs of change. Monitoring can be used to quantify change, identify the causes of change and determine acceptable levels of change. Socioeconomic monitoring allows us to understand what kind of human induced factors affect the mangrove, whether people are benefiting from the current levels of management and how they perceive the ecosystem in question. Ecological monitoring allows us to form a picture of how the ecosystem is doing.