Nairobi Convention Engagement

WIOSAP Demonstration projects


The Nairobi Convention is implementing the GEF-funded WIOSAP project which strives to reduce land-based stresses by protecting critical habitats, improving water quality, and managing river flows. In this vein, WIOSAP is funding several demonstration projects in WIO countries to address various land-based stresses, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region as appropriate. The Project Steering Committee (PSC) accepted the following projects for funding in Madagascar, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region.

A – Sustainable management of mangroves forest in Boeny region, Mahajanga

The mangrove forest in Boeny, Madagascar, is in danger of disappearing due to pollution and competing uses of the forest and its surrounding areas by developers, local communities, tourism operators, and more. A management plan that incorporates the views and needs of all stakeholders is needed to ensure sustainable use of the forest. This project aims to promote inclusive, sustainable management of the mangrove forest that includes training, awareness-raising, and adoption of best governance practices. Outcomes would include the establishment of: a) a system of governance for the mangrove forest; b) alternative livelihoods for local communities; and c) an updated database and monitoring and evaluation system. Ultimately, these outcomes will serve to preserve the long-term health and ecological integrity of Boeny’s mangroves, an approach that could be replicated in other areas of the country. Proponents: CNRE, MEEF, University of Mahajanga, and partners.

Proponents: CNRO, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MEDD), University of Mahajanga and Partners

B – Strengthening regulatory framework and national capacity for monitoring effluent discharges, water, and sediments quality in coastal and marine areas of Madagascar

The Bombetoka Estuary is highly vulnerable to pollution from Mahajanga city’s tourism, agricultural, industrial, and other sectors. Tests of the water by the National Centre for Environmental Research (CNRE) indicate the presence of toxic heavy metals and hydrocarbons that pose serious risks to both human and marine life. The project will demonstrate how water quality and sediments can be improved by developing a regulatory framework and monitoring system—a framework which will provide the basis for the development of national wastewater standards. Both institutional and human capacity to monitor pollution will thereby be strengthened—and the risks to human and marine health reduced. Proponents: CNRE, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MEDD), and partners.

C – Sustainable management of E-Flows for west coast rivers of Madagascar: a case of Betsiboka River

As outlined by the project proponents, deforestation around the Betsiboka River catchment has had an alarming environmental impact on the surrounding areas, resulting in poor water quality; reduced yields for fisheries; soil erosion; and alteration of river beds, flow, and discharge. Other rivers in western Madagascar suffer from similar threats. A report by the National Authority for Water and Sanitation highlighted the need to improve management of exploitation of water resources. This project therefore aims to create a sustainable management system for rivers and basins in western Madagascar by conducting a pilot environmental flow assessment (EFA)–i.e. a determination of the quantity, quality, and timing of river flows needed to sustain ecosystems and their services–in the Betsiboka River, which will then be replicated in other rivers. Guidelines for EFAs will be created and the capacity to apply EFAs increased, which in the long-term could result in safer, healthier, and sustainable water resources in the river catchment area.

Proponents: MEEF, Ministries of water; sanitation and hygiene; agriculture, fisheries and fishery resources; and meteorology; and partners.

For more on the WIOSAP demonstration projects, click here.

Madagascar’s Chapter in the Marine Protected Areas Outlook

The world, including Madagascar, has committed to protecting at least 10% of its marine and coastal areas by 2020 under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.5.

Under the WIOSAP project, the Nairobi Convention and WIOMSA have released the Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook, the first-ever publication to examine the progress, challenges, and opportunities faced by states in the WIO, including Madagascar, as they strive to achieve SDG 14.5.

Click here for Madagascar’ chapter and here for a dashboard outlining Madagascar’ progress towards achieving SDG 14.5.

For more regional WIOSAP activities involving Madagascar, click here.

SAPPHIRE Demonstration Projects


The Nairobi Convention is executing the SAPPHIRE project2 (implemented by UNDP with the funding support of the GEF). The SAPPHIRE project promotes policy and institutional reform to help improve the management of the Western Indian Ocean LME. It will build capacity among governments, communities, partners, intergovernmental organizations and the private sector in sustainable resource management and ocean governance.  The SAPPHIRE Project will also support technical and institutional capacity of national institutions and collaborate with other institutions to support knowledge-based governance approaches in decision-making and policy formulation for the sustainable management of the LMEs in the WIO.

National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analyses

In executing the SAPPHIRE project, the Nairobi Convention has initiated the updating of the Madagascar’ MEDA and the Transboundary Diagnosis Analyses (TDAs), developed under the ASCLME project. The MEDAs will provide each country with an updated assessment of their ecosystems within their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and integrate the findings in to their National Action Plans (NAP) for the sustainable management of marine resources. Moreover, the scope of the MEDAs will be expanded to include assessments of land-based sources of pollution—i.e. issues addressed by SAPPHIRE’s sister project, WIOSAP –meaning that countries will have their first-ever “Ridge to Reef” assessment of their marine ecosystems. The findings will be fed into an expanded regional Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and prioritize areas of concern that can be addressed through a merged Strategic Action Programme (SAP).

SAPPHIRE Demonstration Projects

SAPPHIRE will also be funding demonstration projects designed and implemented to pilot national level policy, legislations, strategies and programmes review and realignment as well as institutional capacity building for improved ocean governance under component 1 and community led Ecosystem-based Management (EBM) approaches for effective and long-term marine and coastal ecosystem management in the Western Indian Ocean LME under Component 2 respectively. There has already been a call for proposals for  Component 1 and Component 2.

Component 1: Supporting policy harmonization and management reforms towards improved ocean governance

Policy, legislative and institutional reforms and realignment in support of the SAP are implemented at national and regional and sub-regional level as appropriate, with emphasis given to strengthening and supporting existing processes and mechanisms including regional bodies (such as Conventions, Commissions, and Regional Scientific Bodies). Coordination and management mechanism are strengthened at both national and regional levels. The primary output this component is supporting the countries and regional bodies/institutions for realignments and changes in legislation, policy and associated institutional and administrative arrangements in line with the Strategic Action Programme (SAP) requirements.

The demonstration projects under this component will enable the national focal institutions in all participating countries to take the lead in organizing national dialogue and review of existing policies, legislations, strategies as well as realignment to support the implementation of SAP.

Component 2: Community Based Integrated Ecosystem Based Management Approaches to Local Economic Activities for Sustainable Resources Management

This component supports community engagement in LME monitoring/management and the SAP implementation process by integrating the ecosystem-based management (EBM) approach into  Local Economic Development (LED) plans, especially through integrating cost-benefit analysis and valuation of ecosystem goods and services into the overall LED) planning process.  As part of this process SAPPHIRE will also support community empowerment to engage in sustainable management of artisanal and subsistence fisheries by embracing EBM t approaches. The project will support sensitization of fisher communities and artisanal fisheries on the values of LME goods and services in the WIO region and provide support to mainstream sustainable management of artisanal and subsistence fisheries into existing municipal, provincial and national action plans to support SAP implementation.

The demonstration projects under this component will serve to strengthen the engagement of communities in the LME management and SAP implementation process by integrating the EBM approach into the local communities’ livelihood/economic activities for achieving stress reduction goals. They will also support the integration of cost-benefit analysis and valuation of ecosystem goods and services into the local development planning process and include the involvement of artisanal fishing communities in the design and implementation of management interventions within the overall EBM and SAP implementation approach.

For more regional SAPPHIRE activities involving Madagascar, click here