WIOSAP Demonstration projects in Comoros
Nairobi Convention is implementing the GEF-funded WIOSAP project, which strives to reduce land-based stresses by protecting critical habitats, improving water quality, and managing river flows. In this vein, WIOSAP is funding several demonstration projects in WIO countries to address various land-based stresses, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region as appropriate. The Project Steering Committee (PSC) accepted the following projects for funding in Comoros, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region.
Sustainable management of shallow marine habitats in the Comoros through improved management planning and rehabilitation of degraded sites (under technical review)
Comoros’ oceans and coastlines feature astounding levels of biodiversity and species that can be found nowhere else on earth. However, a growing population and natural resource exploitation threaten these unique resources. In response, the Comorian government has designated a Marine Protected Areas (MPA)—or an area of ocean or coastline that has been specially-designated for protection for the benefit of nature and people—in Mohéli, and plans to designate an additional three MPAs in Coelacanth National Park, Mitsamiouli Ndroudé National Park and Shisiwani National Park by 2021. This project aims to strengthen both the management of these MPAS and the resilience of their marine habitats through mangrove and seagrass rehabilitation. Expected outcomes include an approved management plan for all four MPAs; the rehabilitation of 1 hectare of mangrove forests and 1 hectare of seagrass; and enhanced capacity of local communities to participate in site management plans and restoration activities. Proponents: General Directorate of Environment and Forest; Comoros National Parks/Protected Areas Project, Association pour la Protection de L’Environnement aux Comores; and local communities.
For more on the WIOSAP demonstration projects, click here.
Comoros’ Chapter in the Marine Protected Areas Outlook
The world, including Comoros, has committed to protecting at least 10% of its marine and coastal areas by 2020 under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.5.
Under the WIOSAP project, the Nairobi Convention and WIOMSA have released the Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook, the first-ever publication to examine the progress, challenges, and opportunities faced by states in the WIO, including Comoros, as they strive to achieve SDG 14.5.
Click here for Comoros’ chapter and here for a dashboard outlining Comoros’ progress towards achieving SDG 14.5
For more regional WIOSAP activities involving Comoros, click here.
SAPPHIRE demonstration Projects in Comoros
The Nairobi Convention is executing the SAPPHIRE project2 (implemented by UNDP with the funding support of the GEF). The SAPPHIRE project promotes policy and institutional reform to help improve the management of the Western Indian Ocean LME. It will build capacity among governments, communities, partners, intergovernmental organizations and the private sector in sustainable resource management and ocean governance. The SAPPHIRE Project will also support technical and institutional capacity of national institutions and collaborate with other institutions to support knowledge-based governance approaches in decision-making and policy formulation for the sustainable management of the LMEs in the WIO.
National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analyses
In executing the SAPPHIRE project, the Nairobi Convention has initiated the updating of the Comoros’ MEDA and the Transboundary Diagnosis Analyses (TDAs), developed under the ASCLME project. The MEDAs will provide each country with an updated assessment of their ecosystems within their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and also provide them with a baseline document upon which they can base their National Action Plans (NAP) for the sustainable management of marine resources. Moreover, the scope of the MEDAs will be expanded to include assessments of land-based sources of pollution—i.e. issues addressed by SAPPHIRE’s sister project, WIOSAP –meaning that countries will have their first-ever “Ridge to Reef” assessment of their marine ecosystems. The findings will be fed into an expanded regional Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and prioritize areas of concern that can be addressed through a merged Strategic Action Programme (SAP).
SAPPHIRE Demonstration Projects
SAPPHIRE will also be funding demonstration projects designed and implemented to pilot Ecosystem-based Management (EBM) approaches for effective and long-term marine and coastal ecosystem management in the Western Indian Ocean LMEs. There has already been a call for proposals for Component 1 and Component 2.
For more regional SAPPHIRE activities involving Comoros, click here.