Nairobi Convention is implementing the GEF-funded WIOSAP project which strives to reduce land-based stresses by protecting critical habitats, improving water quality, and managing river flows. In this vein, WIOSAP is funding several demonstration projects in WIO countries to address various land-based stresses, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region as appropriate. The Project Steering Committee (PSC) accepted the following projects for funding in Mozambique, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region.
Seagrass Action Plan in Maputo and Inhambane Bays
Despite the importance of seagrass to biodiversity and local livelihoods, floods, sedimentation, and destructive fishing have caused the number of seagrass beds in Maputo and Inhambane Bays to plunge, as highlighted by the project proponents. Harvesting of invertebrate foods (such as clams) has led to a loss of biodiversity in seagrass. This project proposes developing a seagrass action plan that would collect ecological, economic, and social information on invertebrate fisheries and engage communities in seagrass restoration and conservation. Outcomes of the project would include a better understanding of the relationship between seagrass and invertebrate fisheries, a sustainability strategy for seagrass, and documentation of seagrass areas for restoration and their economic value. Given the similarities between seagrass patterns and threats between Mozambique and the wider Western Indian Ocean region, the proponents emphasize that the project’s restoration and management methods could be replicated elsewhere. Proponents: Eduardo Mondlane University, Ocean Revolution Mozambique, KUWUKA -JDA, and partners.
Mangrove Restoration and Livelihood Support through Community Participation
Mangroves provide nesting and breeding habitats for marine life, support fisheries, help maintain water quality, and slow erosion. However, the project proponents outline how deforestation, floods, and cyclones are decimating the mangrove forest in the Limpopo Estuary. This project aims to demonstrate how mangrove management could be improved in Xai Xai district through restoration projects, a community-based management system, and the generation of baseline information to support decision-making. The project will result in the designing of a community-led local management plan, the conducting of carbon inventories in mangrove stands, and enhanced management decision-making. Proponents: Center for Sustainable Development of Coastal Zones, Eduardo Mondlane University, National Institute of Fisheries Research, and partners.
For more on the WIOSAP demonstration projects, click here.
Mozambique’s Chapter in the Marine Protected Areas Outlook
The world, including Mozambique, has committed to protecting at least 10% of its marine and coastal areas by 2020 under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.5.
Under the WIOSAP project, the Nairobi Convention and WIOMSA have released the Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook, the first-ever publication to examine the progress, challenges, and opportunities faced by states in the WIO, including Mozambique, as they strive to achieve SDG 14.5.
Click here for Mozambique’ chapter and here for a dashboard outlining Mozambique’ progress towards achieving SDG 14.5
For more regional WIOSAP activities involving Mozambique, click here.
The Nairobi Convention is executing the SAPPHIRE project2 (implemented by UNDP with the funding support of the GEF). The SAPPHIRE project promotes policy and institutional reform to help improve the management of the Western Indian Ocean LME. It will build capacity among governments, communities, partners, intergovernmental organizations and the private sector in sustainable resource management and ocean governance. The SAPPHIRE Project will also support technical and institutional capacity of national institutions and collaborate with other institutions to support knowledge-based governance approaches in decision-making and policy formulation for the sustainable management of the LMEs in the WIO.
National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analyses
In executing the SAPPHIRE project, the Nairobi Convention has initiated the updating of the Mozambique’s MEDA and the Transboundary Diagnosis Analyses (TDAs), developed under the ASCLME project. The MEDAs will provide each country with an updated assessment of their ecosystems within their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and also provide them with a baseline document upon which they can base their National Action Plans (NAP) for the sustainable management of marine resources. Moreover, the scope of the MEDAs will be expanded to include assessments of land-based sources of pollution—i.e. issues addressed by SAPPHIRE’s sister project, WIOSAP –meaning that countries will have their first-ever “Ridge to Reef” assessment of their marine ecosystems. The findings will be fed into an expanded regional Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and prioritize areas of concern that can be addressed through a merged Strategic Action Programme (SAP).
SAPPHIRE Demonstration Projects
SAPPHIRE will also be funding demonstration projects designed and implemented to pilot Ecosystem-based Management (EBM) approaches for effective and long-term marine and coastal ecosystem management in the Western Indian Ocean LMEs. There has already been a call for proposals for Component 1 and Component 2.
For more regional SAPPHIRE activities involving Mozambique, click here.