Nairobi Convention Engagement

WIOSAP Demonstration projects in Tanzania


Nairobi Convention is implementing the GEF-funded WIOSAP project which strives to reduce land-based stresses by protecting critical habitats, improving water quality, and managing river flows. In this vein, WIOSAP is funding several demonstration projects in WIO countries to address various land-based stresses, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region as appropriate. The Project Steering Committee (PSC) accepted the following projects for funding in Tanzania, with the aim of developing best practices that may be implemented elsewhere in the region.

Sustainable Catchment Management through Enhanced Environmental Flow Assessment and Implementation

Water resources in Tanzania are under pressure before due to competing demands and climate change. According to the project proponents, enhanced management of river catchments and

basins are needed to reverse harmful changes to river and sediment flows, degradations in water quality, and negative impacts on marine and coastal ecosystems. This project aims to conduct Environmental Flow Assessments (EFAs) in pilot river catchments in the Rufiji Basin—a pollution hotspot area—and will evaluate the benefits provided by associated ecosystems. As a result of the project, stakeholders will have new resources and increased capacity to guide sustainable management of river flows.

Proponents: National Environment Management Council, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Water Use Associations, and partners.

Designing Sustainable Community-based Mangrove Harvesting and Restoration Models in Rufiji Delta

Mangroves in the Rufiji Delta—which hosts about 50% of the country’s total mangrove cover — are under threat from traditional community dependence on the forest and governance issues related to community rights, access, and coordination, as underscored by the project proponents. Collaborative arrangements, including management planning and a restoration strategy, is therefore needed to safeguard the mangroves and the ecosystems they support. This project seeks to develop a sustainable, community-based harvesting and restoration model for the delta that will outline selective harvesting and permissible cut and rotation cycles. The project will also create two nurseries for community-led natural and artificial mangrove restoration activities.

Proponents: Institute of Marine Sciences- University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Forest Service, Wetlands International Africa, Kibiti District Council, and partners.

For more on the WIOSAP demonstration projects, click here


Tanzania’ Chapter in the Marine Protected Areas Outlook

The world, including Tanzania, has committed to protecting at least 10% of its marine and coastal areas by 2020 under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.5.

Under the WIOSAP project, the Nairobi Convention and WIOMSA have released the Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook, the first-ever publication to examine the progress, challenges, and opportunities faced by states in the WIO, including Tanzania, as they strive to achieve SDG 14.5.

Click here for Tanzania’ chapter and here for a dashboard outlining Tanzania’ progress towards achieving SDG 14.5

For more regional WIOSAP activities involving Tanzania, click here

SAPPHIRE Demonstration Projects in Tanzania 


The Nairobi Convention is executing the SAPPHIRE project2 (implemented by UNDP with the funding support of the GEF). The SAPPHIRE project promotes policy and institutional reform to help improve the management of the Western Indian Ocean LME. It will build capacity among governments, communities, partners, intergovernmental organizations and the private sector in sustainable resource management and ocean governance.  The SAPPHIRE Project will also support technical and institutional capacity of national institutions and collaborate with other institutions to support knowledge-based governance approaches in decision-making and policy formulation for the sustainable management of the LMEs in the WIO.

National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analyses

In executing the SAPPHIRE project, the Nairobi Convention has initiated the updating of the Tanzania’s MEDA and the Transboundary Diagnosis Analyses (TDAs), developed under the ASCLME project. The MEDAs will provide each country with an updated assessment of their ecosystems within their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and also provide them with a baseline document upon which they can base their National Action Plans (NAP) for the sustainable management of marine resources. Moreover, the scope of the MEDAs will be expanded to include assessments of land-based sources of pollution—i.e. issues addressed by SAPPHIRE’s sister project, WIOSAP –meaning that countries will have their first-ever “Ridge to Reef” assessment of their marine ecosystems. The findings will be fed into an expanded regional Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and prioritize areas of concern that can be addressed through a merged Strategic Action Programme (SAP).

SAPPHIRE Demonstration Projects

SAPPHIRE will also be funding demonstration projects designed and implemented to pilot Ecosystem-based Management (EBM) approaches for effective and long-term marine and coastal ecosystem management in the Western Indian Ocean LMEs. There has already been a call for proposals for Component 1 and Component 2.

For more regional SAPPHIRE activities involving Seychelles, click here